Thursday, December 31, 2015

Manusela National Park, The Beauty Of Heavens Edge Up Seabed In Maluku, Indonesia

Manusela National Park located on the island of Seram, Central Maluku, Maluku Province, is one of the most beautiful national parks of Indonesia. Beauty includes landscape of mountains, forests, beaches, to park on the sea floor. Manusela National Park which has an area of 189,000 hectares has been designated as a nature conservation area by the Ministry of Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia through Decree No. 281/Kpts-VI/1997.

Manusela National Park, Seram Island, Maluku Province. AeroTourismZone
Manusela National Park, Seram Island, Maluku Province.
Manusela National Park.

Manusela National Park is known as one of the most beautiful National Parks in Indonesia, with beautiful natural scenery and well preserved. Hilly scenery on the banks of which Markele, Manusela valley. Many of the activities that can be done here as exploring the woods, climbing, observing animals and plants. For beach lovers, this Manusela National Park is a paradise in the sea.

Manusela National Park area which covers 20 percent of the total area of the island of Seram. Here are Mount Binaya which is the highest peak in the Moluccas. Much of this area has very steep slopes with deep valleys. Most right to enjoy the beauty of this valley using motorized fishing boats and along the edge of the valley.

In addition, the National Park Manusela many unique to the region Sawai with various beautiful sea coral and is perfect for snorkeling and diving. In addition, in Sawai and surrounding areas can also enjoy beautiful views of the cliffs sawai or water tourism that can be enjoyed by using fast boats and longboats facilities belonging to the National Park Manusela. Manusela National Park information center is also located in Sawai State, precisely around the village Masihulan.

Manusela National Park is a representative type of coastal ecosystems, swamp forest, lowland rain forest and montane rain forest in Maluku. Vegetation types found in the Park are mangrove, beach, swamp forests, riverbanks, pamah tropical rain forest, montane forest and sub-alpine forests. Some plant species in this park are tancang (Bruguiera sexangula), mangroves (Rhizophora acuminata), fires (Avicennia sp.), Lime (Dryobalanops sp.), Pulai (Alstonia scholaris), ketapan (Terminalia catappa), pandan (Pandanus sp.), meranti (Shorea selanica), benuang (Octomeles sumatrana), matoa / lotion (Pometia pinnata), eucalyptus (Melaleuca leucadendron), various types of orchids, and ferns endemic (Chintea Binaya).

Binaya Mountain in Manusela National Park, Maluku Province. AeroTourismZone
Binaya Mountain in Manusela National Park, Maluku Province.
Approximately 117 species of birds found in Manusela National Park, where 14 of them endemic, like (Lorius garrulus), nape parrot purple / black head parrot (L. domicella), salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis), king prawn (Halcyon lazuli and H . sancta), a large bird CERAM honey (Philemon subcorniculatus), and parrot king / parrot ambon (Alisterus amboinensis).

Spooky parrot is one of the species endemic to the island of Maluku, gravely threatened due to hunting and the destruction of their habitat. Other animals include the Timor deer (Cervus timorensis moluccensis), cuscus (Phalanger orientalis orientalis), soa-soa (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), wild boar (Sus celebensis), civet (Pardofelis marmorata), panama lizard (Tiliqua gigas gigas), dugong (Dugong dugon), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), and various types of butterflies.

There are rivers flowing, with steep topography configuration, six mountains / hills with Binaya highest mountain (± 3,027 meters above sea level).

Villagers Manusela, Ilena Maraina, Selumena, and Kanike, an enclave in the area of the National Park Manusela. The society has long been in the villages, and believe that the mountains are located in national parks can provide encouragement and protection in their lives. Their confidence will indirectly help maintain and preserve the national park.

Some locations / attractions to visit :
  • Merkele edge, edge Kabipoto, Wae Kawa: Exploring the forest, climbing, observing animals and plants.
  • Pasahari: Observations animals deer and birds.
  • Wai Isal: camping, exploring the forest, observing animals and plants.
  • Pilana: observing butterflies and exploring the forest.
  • Mount Binaya: Climbing, exploring the forests and waterfalls.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include Masohi Festival in November, race Kora Kora in April and Darwin-Ambon International Yacht in July in Ambon.

The best visiting season: May - October each year.

Accessibility :

Manusela National Park can be reached through the northern coast (Sawai and Wahai) or through the South coast (Tehoru and Moso). The route from Moso is perfect for those who love climbing, because the slope of the slope was about 30%. From Ambon to Masohi using the ferry every day about eight hours, continued to Saka by car about two hours, and using speedboat about two hours. Or, from Ambon to Wahai by ship about 24 hours (3 times a week). From Masohi to Tehoru by boat around nine o'clock, and continued to the Moso Saunulu village.

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